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 Who is speeding away from who when time dilation occurs?

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purpleR



Posts : 4
Join date : 2011-08-23

PostSubject: Who is speeding away from who when time dilation occurs?    Tue Aug 23, 2011 5:08 pm

Hello,

I love contemplating about light speed travel. But there's one thing I don't understand.

As far as I understand relativity, time slows down as you approach the speed of light. But since everything is relative, how is it "chosen" which of the entities is speeding away from the other.

Take the example where I travel away from earth in my spaceship, going at [insert any given fraction of the speed of light here], I will return younger than my peers that never left the planet. Without an absolute position, why is there a difference from me speeding away from the earth and earth speeding away from me.

I really hope I explained well, otherwise I'll gladly try again. =)

Thanks alot!
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scopeman

scopeman

Posts : 116
Join date : 2011-08-23

PostSubject: Re: Who is speeding away from who when time dilation occurs?    Tue Aug 23, 2011 5:09 pm

It's a good question. The first part of the answer is, there's no difference between who is moving, as long as you're both moving uniformly (i.e., with constant speed and direction). If you're in a spaceship speeding away from Earth, you'll see the clocks on Earth as slow, and people on Earth will see your clock on slow. Everyone is free to decide that they're the one standing still, and the other person is the one moving. It's not a paradox that both clocks appear slow; measurement of time is relative to your motion, and you can't check whose clock is "really" slow, because the two clocks are steadily getting further and further away.

If you turn your spaceship around and come back to Earth, so that you can directly compare the two clocks, the situation is no longer symmetrical. You turned around, going through a period of hard acceleration to change your velocity from nearly light speed in one direction to nearly light speed in the other direction. There are a number of ways to work out what happens in this case, but it's pretty easy to show using relativity that the clock that accelerated will always show less time elapsed than the clock that did not, once they're reunited. Moreover, all observers, regardless of how they are moving relative to the Earth or the spaceship, will agree on this.
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